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Difference Between Ovulation and Menstruation

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best infertility clinic in Delhi, best obstetricians and gynaecologists in Delhi, IUI Treatment in Delhi, Best Ivf Clinic In Delhi

Difference Between Ovulation and Menstruation

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Difference Between Ovulation and Menstruation

Ovulation and menstruation, both are regular cycles of a woman’s life. These are generally counted within a period of 28 days, referred to as a menstrual cycle. This first occurs when a girl reaches puberty. While ovulation occurs during the ovarian cycle, menstruation occurs during the endometrial cycle, and these two cycles occur simultaneously. This is a complex yet vital process that occurs in the female reproductive system and is essential to the ultimate potential for fertility and new birth. However, many people still fail to grasp and understand the key differences between ovulation and menstruation. To learn all about the two, continue reading!

What is The Difference Between Ovulation and Menstruation?

Here are some key differences between ovulation and menstruation:

  • Ovulation is the discharge of ova or eggs from the ovary, whereas menstruation is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus.
  • While ovulation occurs on each 14th day of the menstrual cycle, menstruation occurs on the first day of the menstrual cycle and marks the beginning of a new cycle.
  • During ovulation, the body temperature increases, while in menstruation, it decreases.
  • For ovulation, the estrogen, FSH, and LH levels are high. For menstruation, the estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH levels are low.
  • Ovulation is the beginning of the secretory period of the uterus. Menstruation, on the other hand, creates pain, cramps, tiredness and emotional disturbances.
  • The duration of menstruation is longer than ovulation.

What Happens During Menstruation?

In the absence of pregnancy, menstruation occurs. It is the regular, cyclic discharge of the blood-enriched endometrium through the vagina. It is a normal, predictable, physiological process that basically results in the absence of fertilization. The secretion of FSH and LH hormones by the pituitary glands marks the onset of menstruation. FSH stimulates the growth of follicles in the ovary while LH stimulates the ovary to release an ovulate. If the mature ovum is not fertilized after the ovulation, it results in lack of progesterone levels in the blood. This triggers the discharge of the endometrium during the menstrual phase of the menstruation cycle.

What Happens During Ovulation?

Ovulation is the release of an ovum from an ovary. This occurs only once in every menstruation cycle. Irrespective of the length of the menstruation cycle, ovulation always occurs 14 days before the next menstruation. During the time of ovulation, there is an increment of cervical mucus secretion due to the increased levels of estrogen. During the ovulation period, the mucus pH increases and becomes clear, slippery, and stretchy fluid. This alkaline pH of mucus increases the sperm morality and longevity at this period. Therefore, this is the time in the cycle when a woman can easily become pregnant.

The main difference between ovulation and menstruation is the type of process and their role in reproduction.

At Femmenest, we strive for maximum comfort for our clients, and we therefore put you through the best gynecologists in Delhi who would help you comprehend the complexities of your menstrual cycle with greater ease. Femmenest strives to provide all its patients with trust, comfort and compassion, catering to all their needs and requirements. With a flawless administrative process, top-notch technology, and well-experienced team of doctors and specialists, Femmenest ensures prime care for all its patients.

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