When the cervix of a woman is weak, medically referred to as an incompetent cervix, the chances of miscarriage or premature birth increase. This can be prevented through cervical cerclage.
What is Cervical Cerclage?
The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and extends into the vagina. In case of a weak cervix, it may shorten or open up early during pregnancy, resulting in a miscarriage or premature delivery. Cervical cerclage, also known as cerciage, is a surgery in which the cervix is sewn closed during pregnancy.
When and Why is The Surgery Performed?
During pregnancy, the cervix gradually softens, shortens in length, and dilates in preparation for the birth. However, if the cervix is incompetent, it may begin to open up too soon. Cervical cerclage may be recommended if one has the following:
- History of second-trimester miscarriage with painless dilation of the cervix.
- You have had a cervical cerclage during the previous pregnancy.
- You have a short cervix, i.e., less than 25 millimeters long, and are less than 24 weeks along.
- You’ve had a cone biopsy of the cervix or a loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP).
- If the cervix has injuries from a previous abortion.
- If your cervix starts opening up in the second trimester with painless dilation of the cervix.
What are The Symptoms Experienced After The Cerclage?
- There may be light spotting or a small amount of bleeding after the cerclage. This is normal up to 3 days after the surgery.
- There may be an increase in clear vaginal discharge.
- Mild cramps are very normal and are usually experienced up to 3 days after the cerclage.
What are The Post-Treatment Instructions?
You must follow this list of instructions to ensure your and your baby’s health after the cerclage has been performed:
- Take care of your hygiene. Use a sanitary pad if necessary and change it frequently.
- When you are allowed to bathe or shower, carefully wash the incisions (cuts) and your vagina with soap and water.
- Consume a lot of fluids and keep your bladder empty.
- Seek advice from your doctor before engaging in sexual activities.
- Take the prescribed medications.
- Ask for instructions regarding follow-up visits to the healthcare provider. Appointments are usually scheduled within 1-2 weeks post-treatment.
- Exercise, as it helps your digestive system to work.
- Take proper rest while lying on your left side for most of the time.
- Do not insert anything inside of your vagina. Avoid tampons, douches, or menstrual cups.
- Don’t return to work without consulting with your healthcare provider.
- Do not hold in the urine as the bladder must be kept empty.
- Avoid strenuous activities.
- Do not try to push the bowel movement out if it is too hard.
What are The Benefits of Cervical Cerclage?
- Cervical cerclage helps prevent miscarriages and premature labor caused by cervical incompetence.
- It has a high success rate and is highly effective.
Are There Any Risks?
The possibility of risks is very minimal, but cannot be eliminated. The risks include:
- Premature contractions.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Cervical infection.
However, cervical cerclage, when performed with care and precision, is a procedure that outweighs the risks. It is also important to follow the cervical cerclage aftercare instructions to ensure minimal risks.
Where to Get Expert Treatment?
Femmenest provides the best care and treatment options pertaining to any kind of gynecological problem, ensuring the best results for her patients.
Make the right choice for yourself and book an appointment today!
Call +91 89209 32382 to make an appointment.