An endometrial ovarian cyst is a benign growth in the ovary that develops from endometrial tissue. When endometrial tissues on the inside of the uterus grow abnormally and attach to the ovaries, a cyst forms. Endometrial cysts can take the shape of traditional implants on the surface of one or both ovaries, but they can also be discovered deep within them. The endometriosis ovarian cyst is known as a "chocolate cyst" because it contains a thick, dark, tar-like fluid. The steady accumulation of such un-clotted blood within the sacs begins to irritate the tissues around it. Endometrial tissues are frequently discovered tightly adhered to other nearby structures such as the peritoneum, fallopian tubes, and bowel.
The goal of endometrial ovarian cyst clinical management is to effectively address three primary clinical disruptions: pain, infertility, and malignant transformation. Symptoms vary depending on a woman's age and reproductive life cycle, and they are best addressed individually.
Endometrial ovarian cysts cannot be treated with a single treatment technique. Various treatment approaches are used to treat endometrial ovarian cysts. Women of reproductive age, according to experts, should be treated by fertility specialists. Qualified endometriosis and infertility doctors can provide the most appropriate treatment for each woman with the utmost care.
Endometrial ovarian cysts are commonly treated by specialists using the following methods:
Hormone therapy limits ovulation by preventing the ovaries from releasing hormones, particularly estrogen. This may assist to slow of the endometrium and endometrial lesions' growth and local activity. Treatment also prevents the formation of new areas and scars (adhesions), but it does not remove existing adhesions.
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